What Different Types Of Diabetes Are There

By | October 22, 2023

What Different Types Of Diabetes Are There – Diabetes is a group of diseases that affect your blood sugar levels. Let us try to understand what diabetes is and its types, risk factors, signs and symptoms, complications and treatment.

Insulin is a hormone produced by cells called islets of Langerhans or beta cells in our pancreas. The main function of this hormone is to maintain the blood sugar level in our body at all times and to store the remaining glucose in the cells for future use. So naturally when there is a problem with insulin, blood sugar levels are affected accordingly and the symptoms and complications of diabetes occur.

What Different Types Of Diabetes Are There

What Different Types Of Diabetes Are There

Most risk factors are common between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, there are some reasons that are unique to each of them:

The Classification Of Type 2 Diabetes According To Insulin Resistance And Beta Cell Function Preservation And Their Different Patterns Of Complications

Since it is the most common type of diabetes, knowing the risk factors for it helps in early prevention.

Now that we know the various risk factors that lead to diabetes, let’s talk about the signs and symptoms of diabetes.

In most cases of GDM, the woman may not experience signs and symptoms common to other types of diabetes. But rarely severe thirst and increased frequency of urination is observed.

It is measured overnight after a normal fasting period of 8 hours. If your FBS values ​​are greater than or equal to 126 mg/dL, you are diabetic. (Normal value of FBS is less than 100 mg/dl).

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It is measured two hours after a normal meal. If your PPBS values ​​are greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL, you are diabetic. (Normal value is less than 200 mg/dL)

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This is a 2-step test in which first fasting values ​​are taken, the patient has to drink a glucose + water solution with about 75 grams of glucose, then a second reading is taken 2 hours after the drink.

7. In addition to the above lab tests, your doctor may measure your blood pressure at each visit.

What Different Types Of Diabetes Are There

9. You may be referred to an ophthalmologist after being diagnosed with diabetes to check the health of your retina and optic nerve.

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This is a very important part of diabetes management. Since type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder, it is important to follow healthy habits to keep blood sugar levels under control.

If your treating physician deems it necessary, he may recommend home blood sugar monitoring with a glucometer. You should monitor your blood sugar readings before and after each meal. This may be necessary, especially if you take insulin injections.

Diabetes is a slow killer, but fortunately it can be prevented and controlled through a healthy, organic lifestyle. So, follow a healthy diet and exercise regularly to prevent diabetes.

Differences between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes – Symptoms, Causes and More Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in India, affecting almost all age groups and has been identified as a pathway to many chronic diseases. Let’s start by knowing what the disease is, its types, causes and prevention. 04-19-2021· 7 minutes 13 Common Complications of Diabetes Diabetes is a group of diseases that affect your blood sugar levels. Let’s discuss the basics of diabetes and various dangerous complications. Hypoglycemia is a condition that occurs when blood sugar is low and dangerously low, thus affecting your daily routine. 12/03/2021· 8 Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are not the same disease. Learn about the differences between the two and how each affects the body.

Baseline Characteristics Of Subjects With Different Types Of Diabetes…

High blood sugar levels in diabetes can result from a lack of insulin or the body’s failure to respond to insulin.

Type 1 and type 2 diabetes share the problem of high blood sugar levels. Inability to control blood sugar causes symptoms and complications of both types of diabetes. But type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are two different diseases in many ways. According to a recent (2014) estimate from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 29.1 million people, or 9.3 percent of the US population, are infected. It is. In the population, there is diabetes. Type 1 diabetes affects only 5 percent of adults, while type 2 diabetes affects up to 95 percent. Here’s what you need to know to stay healthy during the diabetes epidemic.

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“Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease — the body’s immune system attacks the cells in the pancreas that make insulin,” says Angela Trincic, associate professor of internal medicine in diabetes, endocrinology and metabolism at the university. Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha. The exact cause is unknown, but it may be a combination of the genes a person is born with and the environment that prompts the genes to be active.

What Different Types Of Diabetes Are There

“The cause of type 2 diabetes is multifactorial,” says Dr. Trincic. “People inherit genes that make them susceptible to type 2, but lifestyle factors like obesity and inactivity are also important. In type 2 diabetes, at least in the early stages, there is enough insulin, but the body becomes resistant to it.” Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include family These include history, poor diet, sedentary lifestyle and obesity. African Americans, Latin Americans, and some Native Americans are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than Caucasians. Americans.

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Generally, type 1 diabetes is diagnosed in childhood, and type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed after the age of 40. But these are not hard and fast rules. People get type 2 diabetes at a younger age, and type 1 diabetes at older ages, says Shannon Knapp, RN, CDE, a diabetes educator at the Cleveland Clinic, highlighting the need to prevent diabetes at all ages.

People with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin, and as a result, sugar builds up in the blood instead of going to the cells that need it for energy. In type 1 diabetes, high blood sugar causes symptoms such as thirst, hunger and fatigue and can have devastating consequences, including damage to nerves, blood vessels and internal organs. The same dreaded complications of diabetes appear in type 2. The difference is that people with type 2 diabetes produce insulin; Their bodies become less sensitive over time, which causes problems.

The first symptoms of type 1 diabetes appear when blood sugar levels are high. Symptoms include thirst, hunger, fatigue, frequent urination, weight loss, tingling or numbness in the legs, and blurred vision. Very high blood sugar can cause rapid breathing, dry skin, bad breath and nausea.

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Currently, the first symptoms of type 2 diabetes may not appear for years – this means that the disease can affect a person’s body without them realizing it. Early symptoms include frequent infections, fatigue, frequent urination, thirst, hunger, blurred vision, erectile dysfunction in men, and pain or numbness in the arms or legs. “Type 2 diabetes symptoms don’t start as suddenly as type 1 diabetes symptoms,” Trincic notes.

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Blood tests used to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes include fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin A1C test, and glucose tolerance test. The A1C test measures average blood sugar levels over the past few months. A glucose tolerance test measures blood sugar levels after being given a sugary drink.

“The blood sugar testing we do to diagnose and manage type 1 diabetes is very similar to the testing we do for type 2 diabetes,” Trincic says. “We can do a blood test that looks for the antibodies. That will tell us whether it’s type 1 or 2.” In type 1 diabetes, the immune system makes antibodies that work against cells in the pancreas that make insulin, and these antibodies can be detected in a blood test. Your doctor may suspect type 2 diabetes based on your symptoms and risk factors such as obesity and family history.

Knapp explains that a good diabetes diet and regular exercise are important for people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. “The big difference is that everyone with type 1 diabetes has to take insulin,” he says. “People with type 1 diabetes need to check their blood sugar levels four times a day with a device called a glucometer to know how much insulin to use. Take.”

What Different Types Of Diabetes Are There

Treatment for type 2 diabetes begins with diet and exercise, Knapp says, and oral medications can also be used to increase the amount of insulin the pancreas makes. “Some people with type 2 need insulin if the pancreas stops making insulin over time.” People with type 2 diabetes also need to check their blood sugar one to several times a day, depending on their health.

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“Whether it’s type 1 or type 2,” Trincic says, “the big picture for diabetes is preventing complications, which are mostly nerve and blood related.