What Are The Two Different Types Of Arthritis – Arthritis and tendonitis can cause severe pain, but they are two different conditions. Learn the difference between arthritis, which involves inflammation of a joint, and tendonitis, which involves inflammation of a tendon.
Everyone feels pain sometimes. But pain so bad that you can barely function is a red flag that deserves your attention. If your elbow or shoulder has started to hurt a lot lately, it’s very possible that your recent return to tennis or pickleball is to blame. If one of your fingers hurts and seems to lock up when you try to fully extend it, too much typing and texting may be to blame. But what is actually going on inside your body? Arthritis or tendonitis can be responsible for these problems. Unfortunately, the difference between arthritis and tendonitis is not always so clear-cut. That means you’ll likely need medical help to find the culprit of your pain—and figure out how to treat it so you can start feeling better.
What Are The Two Different Types Of Arthritis
Both tendonitis and arthritis can cause pain and swelling in or around the joint, causing confusion. Although arthritis refers to inflammation in a joint and tendinitis refers to inflammation of a tendon (which connects muscle to bone), don’t assume you’ll be able to identify the exact source of your pain. “All patients know is that the area hurts or is swollen or red,” says Joseph E. Hofstetter, MD, a rheumatologist and partner at Arthritis Associates in Hixson, Tennessee.
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Whether you have a pre-existing condition like arthritis or not, your best bet is to see a doctor and get a proper diagnosis so you can get the right treatment.
Arthritis, by definition, means inflammation in or around a joint. Tendonitis, on the other hand, is inflammation of a tendon, which is a flexible, stringy tendon that connects muscle to bone.
To make matters worse, many people who have inflammatory arthritis—especially axial spondyloarthritis or psoriatic arthritis—develop something called enthesitis as part of their disease.
Enthesitis is inflammation of the area where a tendon or ligament attaches to a bone. Dr. Hofstetter says most doctors use the term “tendonitis” to refer to inflammation of the sheath that covers the tendon, rather than where the tendon attaches to the bone, which he probably calls “enthesitis.”
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In other words, enthesitis and tendonitis are not technically the same thing. However, they can cause similar symptoms and be confused.
In a word, no. Although both involve inflammation—arthritis is inflammation of the joints and tendonitis is inflammation of the tendons—having one does not directly cause the development of the other.
This means that these conditions sometimes overlap. “People with psoriatic arthritis often get enthesitis and tendonitis,” says Dr. Hofstetter.
Both arthritis and tendonitis can cause pain, swelling and inflammation. If you think it’s happening around the joint, it can be hard to figure out what the problem is. Both arthritis and tendinitis can be caused by:
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Because the symptoms can be so similar, doctors can rely heavily on information about where the pain occurs and when the pain starts to determine whether your problem may be arthritis or tendonitis. For example, a painful knee that has slowly worsened over the years is more likely to have osteoarthritis, while someone who has sudden pain behind the ankle is likely to have Achilles tendonitis. Your doctor should also look for risk factors that may make you more vulnerable to one or the other.
If you suspect you have tendonitis—or if you have pain and aren’t sure whether it’s tendonitis or arthritis—there are several ways your doctor can diagnose you. These include:
There are many ways to relieve tendon pain. Sometimes it is enough to rest and ice the affected area. But other treatments may include:
Whichever option you and your doctor decide on, you should know that most people make a full recovery from tendonitis. Sometimes the problem will resolve itself, although it may take several weeks or even months, so be patient.
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Your knee is very stiff or both hands are like claws. What does it give? If no injury occurs, joint pain is usually caused by either rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a systemic autoimmune disease in which an overactive immune system attacks healthy cells, or osteoarthritis (OA), a degenerative disease in which a particular joint wears away. injury or overuse.
Although the general consensus has always been that RA is more debilitating, a study published in September-October 2019 in the journal Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology reported that “over the past 40 years, pain and functional disability have appeared to be severe and similar.
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Getting relief may seem like the only thing that matters, but in the long run, determining the root cause of the pain is critical. “The treatment of the two diseases is different,” says Paula Rakoff, MD, a rheumatologist and clinical associate professor in the department of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York. “You don’t want to miss an opportunity to reverse the inflammatory component of RA. And you don’t want to treat OA with potentially toxic drugs if you don’t need to. But every patient with RA will eventually develop OA. It’s going to happen, so accurate pain assessment and reevaluation is needed every time.”
“Pain and progression are different for each disease. They may seem somewhat similar in that they both cause pain and loss of function. But then the similarities change,” says Mary Ann Wilmarth, Ph.D. Therapy, health and patient advocate and CEO. patient of Back to Back Wellness and psoriatic arthritis and osteoarthritis.
RA may first be seen as tenderness and pain. If it lasts longer than six weeks, you definitely want to seek medical attention. If you experience sudden pain, redness, and swelling, it should be addressed immediately. Small joints of the hands and feet are often affected first, equally on both sides.
RA is an autoimmune disease with inflammation. Many people experience fatigue and a low-grade fever. Sometimes fatigue can be one of the first things a patient feels before or alongside joint pain. Some symptoms may wax and wane, including flare-ups.
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OA Osteoarthritis has long been thought to be caused by joint wear and tear (“wear and tear”) over time. But scientists now consider it to be a disease of the entire joint, including the cartilage, joint lining (synovium), ligaments and bones. OA is a common joint disease that affects more women than men, from middle age (fifties) to the elderly. OA joint pain can gradually worsen over time. However, it can deteriorate after use – for example, after a power surge.
RA can affect the whole body or just specific joints, usually the hands, wrists, fingers, elbows, knees, feet and hips. Sometimes the first thing you notice is stiffness in the morning. The synovium, or joint lining, is most often affected.
OA only affects one particular joint and the pain will not go away without physical or medical treatment. Articular cartilage is what wears.
As OA progresses, this can result in bony growths or spurs (osteophytes) that can further compromise the joints (toes). Sometimes you may have joints that make noises that can be painful (knees). It is also possible to get some radiating pain (hip).
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RA can cause fever, fatigue, hot rash, or swollen joints. Systemic inflammation occurs in RA. This inflammation can also affect the eyes, lungs, heart or circulatory system, rheumatoid nodules can also affect the mouth and skin. RA patients usually have a team of doctors who oversee the treatment of all these different systemic disorders.
OA symptoms are focused on specific affected joints. The nature of the pain may be dull or sharp and may cause pain. Symptoms of OA can vary greatly between patients.
OA can sometimes make movement and exercise difficult. However, these are the same things that are needed to help OA. If one does not exercise, it can contribute to obesity, which in turn increases stress, systemic factors and pain at various levels. According to a study published April 1, 2021 in the issue of Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, the association between obesity and pain is well established, including its bidirectional nature. According to the Arthritis Foundation, “1 pound of weight loss resulted in 4 lbs.
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