What Are The Three Types Of Symbiotic Relationships – Objective: Students will be able to model the 3 types of symbiotic relationships by creating their own examples and developing a model for the proposed object/tool.
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What Are The Three Types Of Symbiotic Relationships
Objective 1: Students will be able to model the 3 types of symbiotic relationships by creating their own examples and develop a model of the proposed object/tool based on the adaptation of the organism. Symbiosis 3/13/17 & 3/14/17 Pg. 67
Symbiotic Relationships Project Based Learning Lesson For Middle School Science
3 Symbiosis Relationship in which there is a close and lasting relationship between organisms of different species 3 types Mutualism Commensalism Parasitism
7 Commensalism A relationship in which one species benefits and the other does not suffer. Example: Great Egret and Remora benefit from eating leftover food and respectfully hitchhiking a cow and a shark. The cow and the shark don’t mind being there.
9 Parasitism A long-term relationship in which a member of a species benefits and a species (the host) is harmed Parasite: an organism that benefits you Host: an organism that suffers damage Example: Human and mosquito Similar to… thieves
Left hand page 66 For HOMEWORK. Take a picture or write down clues Create your own symbiotic relationship You must have and clearly explain: 1 example of mutualism 1 example of commensalism 1 example of parasitism
Litlinks: Easy Stem + Ela Tasks About Symbiotic Relationships
The different types of relationships we’ve learned so far? People often look to nature’s organisms for inspiration for new products that make our lives easier/enhanced! Can you think of examples? Example: Buildings designed to collect as much rain as possible, inspired by the rainforest! Case in point: mosquito-type hypodermic needles!
14 Your task You will work in groups of 2 or 3 to study an organism with an interesting trait that you could invent/design a new product for humans based on the trait of this organism MUST be something that does not yet exist! Try Google’s “cool organism adaptations” or “amazing organism adaptations”. Then think about how one of them could be useful if we could develop something based on one of them.
Make sure there are labels for the different parts of your model (arrows and labels, something like assembly instructions, what part numbers A, B, C, etc. look like) In a paragraph, follow these steps: Describe the organism that inspired your product Describe how your product works Describe the relationship between your body and your product. Tell me what would be needed to physically produce this product. What materials would you use? How much would this product cost at retail (selling price)?
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Symbiosis Video For Kids
Mutualism Commensalism Parasitism benefits both organisms benefits one organism benefits one organism benefits one organism one organism is intact one organism is damaged
Symbiont (or Parasite) BENEFIT Host is DAMAGED For example, the tick in the photo above is a parasite. It benefits from taking blood from a human host. The man is injured because
Acacia plant and ants Ants lay their eggs on the acacia to get a safe place for their eggs. Acacia covers the infected area with brown flesh (called gall). The plant must use valuable resources to create bile. parasitism What type of symbiotic relationship is it?
Greatest Symbiotic Relationships In Nature
11 Mutualism A relationship between a host and a symbiont in which both organisms benefit and neither is harmed. The relationship can be long or short. For example, in the photo above, the host flower benefits from pollination by a wandering butterfly. The symbiont butterfly benefits from the nectar it extracts from the flower.
Anemone and anemone fish This fish spends its entire adult life among the tentacles of the onion-tentacled sea anemone. Sea anemones do not get bitten by the sea anemone like most other fish, thus protecting themselves from predators. Fish often drop food scraps for sea anemones to eat. mutualism What is a symbiotic relationship?
14 COMENSALISM A host-symbiont relationship in which the symbiont benefits and the host is neither helped nor harmed. The symbiote uses transport, housing and/or food. For example, in the image above, symbiont crustaceans are carried by a host whale. Barnacles do not help or harm the host whale.
Clownfish and anemone This clownfish swims in the sea anemones and gains protection because its predators will be bitten. The anemone is intact. What is this symbiosis? commensalism
Microbial Evolution And Transitions Along The Parasite–mutualist Continuum
18 In this photo, cleaner fish feed on parasites and leftover food from the eel’s mouth. Is this an example of… PARASITISM MUTUALISM COMMENTALISM?
Clownfish are often found in the tentacles of sea anemones. Sea anemones catch their prey by paralyzing it with their tentacles. However, the clownfish produces mucus which prevents its tentacles from damaging it. Living among the tentacles, the clownfish receives a protected home. This relationship is an example of… PARASITISM MUTUALISM COMMENTALISM
Lampreys are primitive fish with a limited digestive system. They attach and feed on the body fluids of fish with more advanced digestive systems, often resulting in the death of the host. This relationship is an example of… PARASITISM MUTUALISM COMMENTALISM
Orchids grow on the branches of tall trees. These orchids receive more water and sun than those on the ground. The presence of an orchid has no effect on the tree. This relationship is an example of… PARASITISM MUTUALISM COMMENTALISM
Symbiotic Organs: Extreme Intimacy With The Microbial World
22 The birds in the photo feed on small parasitic insects found on rhinos. The relationship between birds and the rhinoceros is an example of this… PARASITISM MUTUALISM COMMANSALISM
This moray eel has a small cleaner fish between its teeth. The eel gets a clean mouth while the cleaner fish gets a tasty meal. mutualism What is a symbiotic relationship?
Cattle and Cattle Herons When these cattle walk around and eat grass, they stir up a lot of insects. The herons hang around and feast on a delicious meal of insects. What is this symbiosis? commensalism
Boxer crab and anemones This boxer crab carries in its claws a pair of stinging sea anemones which it uses to defend itself against predators. Sea anemones move around, increasing their food supply. mutualism What is a symbiotic relationship?
Symbiotic Relationship Interactive Worksheet
Antelope & Ox Bird This ox hangs out on the antelope and gets a delicious meal of worms that live on the antelope. The antelope gets rid of parasites. What is this symbiosis? mutualism
Shark & Remora Remora attaches to the shark and saves energy because it doesn’t have to swim and can nibble on the sharks it kills. The shark receives nothing. commensalism What is this symbiotic relationship?
Loa Loa Worm & Human This worm infects human blood and finds a warm and safe home there. As a result, a person can go blind or have other complications. What is this symbiosis? parasitism
This alpheid shrimp (right) uses its strong claws like a bulldozer to create a burrow in the sand. The shrimp is almost blind. He leans on his companion, a sharp-eyed grandmother, who warns of danger. When a potential predator approaches, both animals quickly disappear into the burrow mutualism What is this symbiotic relationship?
Mutualistic Relationships: Examples & Types
To remove pests from a bat? A wrasse has entered the bat’s gill cleft and may even enter its mouth in search of food. The batfish takes a bath and the wrasse takes its meal. What is this symbiosis? mutualism
This small imperial shrimp rides on the back of a sea cucumber (a relative of the long, worm-like starfish) as it crawls along the sandy bottom. The shrimp can travel under the protection of a much larger partner, and the sea cucumber suits it well. commensalism What is this symbiotic relationship?
Mutualism This hummingbird butterfly drinks nectar from a flower. The flower is pollinated (the butterfly brings pollen from other flowers) and the butterfly gets a tasty meal. What is this symbiosis?
Symbiosis Lesson Plan
4 *Predation *Predation is a relationship in which one organism captures and consumes another. Predator – Capturing organism Prey – Captured organism Predator survival depends on it